A common disorder, back pain is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. They can occur due to a variety of reasons, in various intensities. Most cases of back pain are curable without having to resort to surgical procedures.
Symptoms of Back Pain
The symptoms of back pain includes muscle aches, stabbing or shooting pain, pain radiating down the legs, pain that limits motion and flexibility of the body. It is advisable to consult a doctor in the following cases: –
If the pain is severe and does not improve with rest
If the pain radiates towards legs and extends to below the knees
If numbness, weakness or tingling sensation accompanies the pain
If back pain is accompanied by unexplained causes of weight loss
If you are over 50 years or having conditions like osteoporosis.
Causes of Back Pain
Back pain that occurs suddenly and lasts for less than 6 weeks, is termed as acute back pain. They can be caused due to strain from physical activities like heavy lifting. Chronic back pain, with pain lasting more than three months can occur due to the following conditions: –
Ruptured or bulging discs
Arthritis like osteoarthritis and conditions like spinal stenosis
Skeletal irregularities like scoliosis
Ligaments and muscle strains caused due to fall or vigorous physical activities.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The assessment of severity and causes of back pain is conducted by carrying out diagnosis tests including X-rays, blood analysis, CT or MRI scans, and nerve studies with electromyography and so on.
Back pain treatment involves medications to relieve pain, relax muscles like NSAIDs, injections and topical pain medications. Physical therapy and exercises also help in curing back pain to a great extent. Structural irregularities that cause intense pain can be corrected with the help of surgical procedures.
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